Facts and stats

Get the most up-to-date statistics on Canadian universities.


  • 1.44M
    students at Canadian universities

    Universities welcome approximately 1.44 million full-time and part-time students back to school annually.

    Source: Fall enrolment survey, Universities Canada, 2023.
  • 2.1M
    new jobs

    Between March 2012 and March 2022, 2,169,700 new jobs were created for university graduates, three times as many as those created for graduates of all other types of postsecondary education combined.

    Source: Universities Canada approximation based on Labour Force Survey data, 2022.
  • $40B

    As a $40 billion enterprise in direct expenditures, universities are significant drivers of economic prosperity. They provide employment for close to 410,000 people.

    Source: Statistics Canada, Financial Information of Universities and Colleges Survey 2019/2020, and Universities Canada survey on employment 2021.

Data tables

Indigenous education

Closing the gap for Indigenous students

  • 90%
    increasing Indigenous leadership

    90% of institutions are working to increase Indigenous representation among faculty and staff and improve retention.

    Source: Universities Canada survey of members on Indigenous education, 2022.
  • 65%
    Indigenizing research

    Two-thirds of universities are incorporating Indigenous knowledge, methods and protocols into research and teaching policies, programs and practices.

    Source: Universities Canada survey, 2017.
  • 78%
    offer intercultural engagement

    78% of universities promote intercultural engagement through cultural activities, events, talking circles and cultural competency or reconciliation training.

    Source: Universities Canada survey, 2017.
  • 69%
    do community outreach

    More than two-thirds of Canadian universities reach out to prospective Indigenous students to inform them of available services, programs and supports.

    Source: Universities Canada survey, 2017.
  • 85%
    partner with Indigenous communities

    More than 80% of universities have a partnership with Indigenous communities and organizations to foster dialogue and reconciliation.

    Source: Universities Canada survey, 2019.
  • 89%
    working to integrate Indigenous Knowledges

    Nearly 90% of institutions are working to integrate Indigenous Knowledges and teaching methods into classrooms on campus.

    Source: Universities Canada survey of members on Indigenous education, 2022.

Hands-on learning

Providing students with career-boosting learning opportunities

  • 80%
    of employers

    Four out of five employers surveyed say co-op and internship students are a source of new talent and potential future employees.

    Source: Leger Marketing employer survey for Universities Canada, 2014.
  • 56%
    benefit from hands-on learning

    More than half of today’s undergraduates benefit from experiential learning – such as co-ops, internships and service learning – as part of their university education.

    Source: Canadian University Survey Consortium, Graduating University Student Survey, 2018.
  • 25%
    growth in co-ops

    Enrolment in co-op programs at universities has jumped by 25 percent in recent years, from 53,000 students in 2006 to 65,000 students in 2013.

    Source: Based on data from the Canadian Association for Co-operative Education, 2006-2013.
  • $65K+
    Arts grads earn good incomes

    Social science and humanities grads share in the income premium for university graduates. For example, full-time workers with degrees in history earn, on average, above $65,000 annually.

    Source: Statistics Canada, National Household Survey, 2011.
  • 60
    university entrepreneurial hubs

    Canadian universities are home to more than 60 business incubators, accelerators and start-up programs that help fuel Canada’s entrepreneurial economic growth.

    Source: Universities Canada and Startup Canada, Joint survey, 2017.
  • 55%
    of leaders are liberal arts grads

    The social sciences and humanities make up more than half of bachelor’s degrees among current professional leaders with higher education qualifications, across 30 countries and all sectors.

    Source: British Council, Educational Pathways of Leaders: an international comparison, 2015.

Studying across borders

Fostering cross-cultural competencies and adaptability

  • 11%
    study abroad

    Only 11% of Canadian undergraduates undertake an international mobility experience over the course of their degree, despite the clear benefits of global study to building future skills.

    Source: Study Group on Global Education, Global Education for Canadians: Equipping Young Canadians to Succeed at Home & Abroad, November 2017.
  • 80%
    see career benefit

    More than 80% of employers that hire graduates with international and intercultural experience say these recruits enhance their company’s competitiveness.

    Source: Leger Marketing employer survey for Universities Canada, 2014.
  • 91%
    of universities say funding a challenge

    Although 78% of universities provide some funding to support study abroad initiatives, 91% say that lack of funds is one of the top three reasons for low student mobility rates.

    Source: Universities Canada Internationalization Survey, 2014
  • 10%
    of students leave their province

    Current estimates suggest that only one in 10 young Canadians crosses a provincial border to complete their university degree.

    Source: Statistics Canada, Postsecondary Student Information System, 2012.
  • 97%
    offer international experiences

    The majority of universities offer their students international experiences such as academic coursework, field schools, volunteer work, research abroad and foreign work experience.

    Source: Universities Canada Internationalization Survey, 2014.
  • 2/3
    of managers say Canada at risk

    Two out of three hiring managers say Canada is at risk of being left behind dynamic global economies like China, India and Brazil unless young Canadians learn to think more globally.

    Source: Leger Marketing employer survey for Universities Canada, 2014.

Research and innovation

Positioning Canada as a global leader in research and innovation

  • $16B
    in R&D

    Universities performed $16 billion in R&D in 2022, accounting for 40 percent of total Canadian research and development.

    Source: Statistics Canada, Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D, 2022.
  • $1.2B
    in research for business

    Canada’s universities conduct $1.2 billion in research for businesses and help build their competitive advantage.

    Source: Statistics Canada, Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D, 2022.
  • $1.5B
    in research for not-for-profit sector

    Universities conduct $1.5 billion in research annually for the not-for-profit sector, which has more than tripled since 2000.

    Source: Statistics Canada, Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D, 2022.
  • 1,500
    companies in university research parks

    Nearly 1,500 companies and government labs are located in 26 university research and technology parks. They employ about 65,000 people and generate $4.3 billion in GDP.

    Source: Association of University Research Parcs Canada, National Economic Impact Study, 2013.
  • 40%
    of faculty are internationally trained

    40% of faculty at Canadian universities have at least one international degree.

    Source: Statistics Canada, University and College Academic Staff System, 2010-2011.
  • 30%
    decrease in funding

    A shift in funding away from federal research councils caused a decrease of over 30% in available real resources per researcher, between 2007 and 2015.

    Source: Canada’s Fundamental Science Review Report, 2017.
Universities Canada